Aprender Conjugation 101: Conjugate Aprender in Spanish | Tell Me In Spanish (2023)

Aprender is one of the most common -ER verbs in Spanish. So, in this guide, you’ll learn aprender’s conjugations and how to use this verb.

  • Aprender Overview
  • Indicative Tenses of Aprender Conjugations
    • Present tense
    • Preterite tense
    • Imperfect tense
    • Near Future tense
    • Future tense
    • Conditional tense
    • Present Perfect tense
    • Past Perfect tense
    • Future Perfect tense
    • Conditional Perfect tense
    • Progressive tenses
  • Subjunctive Tenses of Aprender Conjugations
    • Present Subjunctive tense
    • Present Perfect Subjunctive tense
    • Imperfect Subjunctive tense
    • Past Perfect Subjunctive tense
  • Imperative (Commands) of Aprender Conjugations
    • Affirmative Commands
    • Negative Commands
  • Aprender Conjugation Practice Quiz

Take Note: There are many tenses in Spanish. However, we don’t use them all. Many are simply old and outdated. As a result, in this guide, you’ll only learn the tenses you need to know to become fluent in Spanish.

Overview of Aprender

Verb CharacteristicProperty
Verb Type-ER
IrregularNo
InfinitiveAprender
Gerund (Present Participle) FormAprendiendo
Past Participle FormAprendido
SynonymsMemorizar, cultivarse, estudiar

Indicative Conjugations of Aprender

Present tense

The present form of aprender is typically used to talk about the things a person is learning or to describe someone’s learning process. For example: Tom aprende muy rápido.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoAprendoI learn
AprendesYou learn
Él / Ella
Usted
AprendeHe/She learns
You (formal) learn
NosotrosAprendemosWe learn
VosotrosAprendéisYou learn
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
AprendenThey learn
You (plural) learn

Preterite tense

All the preterite conjugations of aprender are regular. In this past tense, ‘aprender’ refers to the things you learned at a specific moment in the past. For instance: aprendí español cuando era niña.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoAprendíI learned
AprendisteYou learned
Él / Ella
Usted
AprendióHe/She learned
You (formal) learned
NosotrosAprendimosWe learned
VosotrosAprendisteisYou learned
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
AprendieronThey learned
You (plural) learned

Imperfect tense

The imperfect forms of ‘aprender’ allow you to talk about the things you learned at an unspecified moment in the past. De niños, no aprendíamos nada en la clase de arte. Depending on the sentence, the imperfect tense of ‘aprender’ can be translated as ‘used to learn’ or ‘learned’.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoAprendíaI learned
I used to learn
AprendíasYou learned
You used to learn
Él / Ella
Usted
AprendíaHe/She learned
He/She used to learn

You (formal) learned
You (formal) used to learn

NosotrosAprendíamosWe learned
We used to learn
VosotrosAprendíaisYou learned
You used to learn
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
AprendíanThey learned
They used to learn

You (plural) learned
You (plural) used to learn

Near future

The near or immediate future allows you to talk about things you intend to learn soon in the future. For example, mañana vamos a aprender a preparar lasaña. The near future is formed with ir (present) + a + aprender and can be translated as “going to learn”.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoVoy a aprenderI’m going to learn
Vas a aprenderYou’re going to learn
Él / Ella
Usted
Va a aprenderHe/She is going to learn
You (formal) are going to learn
NosotrosVamos a aprenderWe’re going to learn
VosotrosVais a aprenderYou’re going to learn
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Van a aprenderThey’re going to learn
You (plural) are going to learn

Future simple tense

The future tense communicates that a person will learn something at some point in the future. Algún día aprenderé a tocar la guitarra. In the future tense, ‘aprender’ is a regular verb.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoAprenderéI will learn
AprenderásYou will learn
Él / Ella
Usted
AprenderáHe/She will learn
You (formal) will learn
NosotrosAprenderemosWe will learn
VosotrosAprenderéisYou will learn
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
AprenderánThey will learn
You (plural) will learn

Conditional tense

The conditional forms of aprender allow you to express that someone would learn something as long as certain conditions are met. For instance: si tuviera tiempo, aprendería italiano. The conditional conjugations of ‘aprender’ are formed by adding the conditional endings to ‘aprender’.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoAprenderíaI would learn
AprenderíasYou would learn
Él / Ella
Usted
AprenderíaHe/She would learn
You (formal) would learn
NosotrosAprenderíamosWe would learn
VosotrosAprenderíaisYou would learn
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
AprenderíanThey would learn
You (plural) would learn

Present perfect tense

The present perfect tense of ‘aprender’ is used to talk about things someone has or hasn’t learned. Todavía no he aprendido a cocinar. To form the present perfect in Spanish, we use the structure: haber (present tense) + aprendido.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoHe aprendidoI have learned
Has aprendidoYou have learned
Él / Ella
Usted
Ha aprendidoHe/She has learned
You (formal) have learned
NosotrosHemos aprendidoWe have learned
VosotrosHabéis aprendidoYou have learned
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Han aprendidoThey have learned
You (plural) have learned

Past perfect

In the past perfect tense, ‘aprender’ allows you to explain that someone learned something before some other reference point in the past. Pensé que ya habías aprendido a cocinar. The formula for the past perfect is haber (imperfect form) + aprendido.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoHabía aprendidoI had learned
Habías aprendidoYou had learned
Él / Ella
Usted
Había aprendidoHe/She had learned
You (formal) had learned
NosotrosHabíamos aprendidoWe had learned
VosotrosHabíais aprendidoYou had learned
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Habían aprendidoThey had learned
You (plural) had learned

Future perfect

Aprender’s future perfect conjugations are formed by conjugating haber to the future tense and adding aprendido (the past participle of ‘aprender’). In this tense, ‘aprender’ expresses that someone will learn something by or before a certain time in the future.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoHabré aprendidoI will have learned
Habrás aprendidoYou will have learned
Él / Ella
Usted
Habrá aprendidoHe/She will have learned
You (formal) will have learned
NosotrosHabremos aprendidoWe will have learned
VosotrosHabréis aprendidoYou will have learned
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Habrán aprendidoThey will have learned
You (plural) will have learned

Conditional perfect

‘Aprender’ conjugated to the conditional perfect refers to things you would have learned if a past condition had been met. For example: si hubiera tenido tiempo, habría aprendido a tocar guitarra.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoHabría aprendidoI would have learned
Habrías aprendidoYou would have learned
Él / Ella
Usted
Habría aprendidoHe/She would have learned
You (formal) would have learned
NosotrosHabríamos aprendidoWe would have learned
VosotrosHabríais aprendidoYou would have learned
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Habrían aprendidoThey would have learned
You (plural) would have learned

Progressive tenses

The progressive tenses forms of ‘aprender’ are used to express that someone is learning something at the moment of speaking. For example, estamos aprendiendo a conjugar.To form the progressive tenses use the following structure: estar (conjugated) + gerund form of aprender (aprendiendo).

Progressive TenseFormulaTranslation Example
PresentEstar (present) + aprendiendoI am learning
PreteriteEstar (preterite) + aprendiendoYou were learning
ImperfectEstar (imperfect) + aprendiendoHe was learning
FutureEstar (future) + aprendiendoWe will be learning
ConditionalEstar (conditional) + aprendiendoThey would be learning

Aprender Subjunctive Conjugations

In Spanish, the subjunctive is used to talk about wishes, hypothetical situations or express uncertainty. The conjugation charts below show the subjunctive forms of aprender.

Present subjunctive

The present subjunctive of aprender allows you to talk about the topics you want people to learn. For example: mi papá quiere que mis hermanos y yo aprendamos otro idioma.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoAprendaI learn
AprendasYou learn
Él / Ella
Usted
AprendaHe/She learns
You (formal) learn
NosotrosAprendamosWe learn
VosotrosAprendáisYou learn
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
AprendanThey learn
You (plural) learn

Present perfect subjunctive

Haber in the present subjunctive + aprendido is the structure you should use to build the present perfect subjunctive form of ‘aprender’. We conjugate ‘aprender’ to the present perfect subjunctive to express uncertainty about the things people learned. No creo que Larry haya aprendido a cocinar.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoHaya aprendidoI have learned
Hayas aprendidoYou have learned
Él / Ella
Usted
Haya aprendidoHe/She has learned
You (formal) have learned
NosotrosHayamos aprendidoWe have learned
VosotrosHayáis aprendidoYou have learned
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Hayan aprendidoThey have learned
You (plural) have learned

Imperfect subjunctive

The imperfect subjunctive of ‘aprender’ is used to talk about things we wished someone learned or to express uncertainty about what someone learned in the past. Julie esperaba que tú aprendieras a manejar.

The imperfect subjunctive has two conjugation models depending on which type of Spanish you’re using:

Latin American Spanish version

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoAprendieraI learned
AprendierasYou learned
Él / Ella
Usted
AprendieraHe/She learned
You (formal) learned
NosotrosAprendiéramosWe learned
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
AprendieranThey learned
You (plural) learned

Note: The table above doesn’t include the conjugation for vosotros because this pronoun is not used in Latin American Spanish.

Castilian Spanish version

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoAprendieseI learned
AprendiesesYou learned
Él / Ella
Usted
AprendieseHe/She learned
You (formal) learned
NosotrosAprendiésemosWe learned
VosotrosAprendieseisYou learned
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
AprendiesenThey learned
You (plural) learned

Past perfect subjunctive

In the past perfect subjunctive, aprender communicates that someone would have learned something if a past circumstance was met. For example: hubiera aprendido más rápido si hubiera tenido un mejor maestro.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoHubiera aprendidoI had learned
Hubieras aprendidoYou had learned
Él / Ella
Usted
Hubiera aprendidoHe/She had learned
You (formal) had learned
NosotrosHubiéramos aprendidoWe had learned
VosotrosHubierais aprendidoYou had learned
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Hubieran aprendidoThey had learned
You (plural) had learned

Aprender Imperative Conjugations

Commands in Spanish allow you to tell people what to do (affirmative commands) or what not to do (negative commands).

Affirmative commands

We use the affirmative commands of ‘aprender’ to order people to learn something. For instance: niños, aprendánse este número.

PersonConjugationTranslation
AprendeLearn
UstedAprendaLearn
VosotrosAprendedLearn
UstedesAprendanLearn

Negative commands

The negative imperative of ‘aprender’ is used to tell people what not to learn. For example: no aprendas a decir malas palabras.

PersonConjugationTranslation
No aprendasDon’t learn
UstedNo aprendaDon’t learn
VosotrosNo aprendáisDon’t learn
UstedesNo aprendanDon’t learn

Meanings of Aprender & Examples

Now that you’ve learned the conjugation charts of aprender, you should check some examples of how to use this verb.

  1. To talk about learning new skills

¿Todavía no has aprendido a conducir?
Haven’t you learned to drive?

Les sugiero que aprendan otros idiomas.
I suggest you learn other languages.

No creo que Ted haya aprendido algo.
I don’t think Ted has learned anything.

Take Note: Aprender a + infinitive is the formula you must use to talk about activities you or someone else wants to learn.

  1. Talk about memorizing or learning something by heart

[Reflexive pronoun] + [aprender conjugated] + [determiner] + [noun]

¿Se aprendieron la canción?
Did you guys learn the song by heart?

Deja me aprendo tu número.
Let me memorize your number.

Take Note: The pronominal form aprenderse is used to talk about things someone memorized or learned by heart. To form this meaning, you must use reflexive pronouns.

Download Aprender Conjugation Tables & Uses Cheat sheets

Aprender Conjugation 101: Conjugate Aprender in Spanish | Tell Me In Spanish (1)

I’ve created a PDF for you to download containing all of the conjugation tables, verb characteristics, and uses so you can study it at your own pace!

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Practice Quiz: Aprender Conjugation

Aprender Conjugation 101: Conjugate Aprender in Spanish | Tell Me In Spanish (2)

Take our quiz to practice your verb conjugations skills with ‘aprender’.

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